Reading circle (Antoine Faivre:Western Esotericism - A Concise History)

Discussion on literature other than by the Star of Azazel.
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Re: Reading circle (Antoine Faivre:Western Esotericism - A Concise History)

Postby Wyrmfang » Wed Sep 11, 2019 12:58 pm

III - A Century of Initiations

1. Strict Observance and Rectified Scottish Rite
Particularly the higher grades of Masonic orders were associated with esotericism. Two of the most important rites in the 18th century were Strict Observance created by Baron Karl von Hund and Rectified Scottish Rite created by theosopher Jean-Baptiste Willermoz. In the 1770s the two Masonic lines held an important convention in which the myth Templars was discarded.

2. Other Masonic and Paramasonic Systems
Masonic orders can be roughly distinguished between Christian ones (such as the two discussed above) and neo-pagan "Egyptian" ones. Of the latter type the most famous were African Architects (1767), Egyptian Rite (1784), Rite of Misraïm, Rite of Memphis, and Magi of Memphis.

3. During the period, many works of fiction were closely associated with the esoteric. This includes novels, poetry, and music alike (the most famous examples are probably works of Novalis, William Blake´s Marriage, and Mozart´s Magic Flute).

Apologies for a delayed and a very scarce presentation. I have had a terrible rush with work, and this chapter was somehow particularly boring and confusing.
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Re: Reading circle (Antoine Faivre:Western Esotericism - A Concise History)

Postby Kenazis » Tue Sep 24, 2019 9:13 pm

pages 69 -

From Romantic Knowledge to Occultist Programs

1. The Era of Naturphilosophie and the Great Syntheses

a. Nature Philosophy in the Romantic Era (1790-1847)

Naturphilosophie in its general form attempted to bring to light Nature, the part that Christianity repressed. Three factors contributed the dawning of Naturphilosophie. First is the persistence of the idea of magia. The second factor is the influence of certain philosophers: French Naturalism (Georges-Louis de Buffon, Jean Le Rond d’Alembert) Immanuel Kant and Baruch Spinoza. The Third factor is proper atmosphere which favoured the ideas of animal magnetism, galvanism and electricity among others.

Three fundamental tenets seem to characterize Naturphilosophie:

1) The “identity” of Spirit and Nature
2) Nature is a living net of correspondences to be deciphered and integrated into holistic worldview
3) Naturphilosophie is multidisciplinary
The major contribution of Naturphilosophie to the science of the nineteenth century was the discovery of the unconscious (Die Symbolik des Traums, 1814, by Gotthilf Heinrich von Schubert).

b. Main Representatives of this Current

The Catholic (also physician, mining engineer and professor of philosophy) Franz von Baader’s (1765-1841) two essays – Beiträge zur Elementarphysiologie (1797) & Ueber das pythagoräische Quadrat in der Natur (1798) – were very influential for the rise of Naturphilosophie in Germanic countries. Also Friedrich W,J. Schelling (1775-1854)and Carl August von Eschenmayer (1758-1862) were influential. After these fellows Faivre mentions many many more that participated in a way or another to the current of Naturphilosophie.

c. Naturphilosophie and Animal Magnetism

“Biggest names” of animal magnetism – Eschenmayer, Kerner and Baader – saw that magnetic ecstacy enables the subject momentary to achieve the “state before the original fall” and contact the imaginary world of celestial spheres. For example In France, G.P.Billot magnetized Marie-Thérèse Mathieu, that entered into contact with her guardian angel. Animal magnetism wasn’t reserved for the Naturphilosophie alone, but was more widely spread collection of practises used in Western world during this period.

d. Esotericism on the Edge of Naturphilosophie (1815-1857)

e. Esotericism in Art (1815-1847)

Next one can continue from “Esotericism on the edge of Naturphilosophie” or “II. Universal Tradition and Occultism”. Onward with this never ending project!
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Re: Reading circle (Antoine Faivre:Western Esotericism - A Concise History)

Postby Kavi » Mon Oct 07, 2019 11:53 pm

4. Esotericism on the Edge of Naturphilosophie (1815–1857)page 74-76
Faivre gives example on esotericism currents in Germany and France
Relationship between esotericism and socialist utopias mentioned.
Books about alchemy becomes popular among "traditional scientists":
( A Suggestive Enquiry into the Hermetic Mystery (1850), by Mary Ann Atwood; and Alchemy and the Alchemists (1857), by Ethan Allen Hitchcock.)
Also this was time when Swedenborgianism got influenced by humanitarian prophesy, as in the illuminated socialism of a Louis Lucas (Une Révolution dans la musique, 1849), of a Jean-Marie Ragon de Bettignies (Orthodoxie maçonnique and Maçonnerie occulte,1853.

5. Esotericism in Art (1815–1847) page 76-77
In the 17th century there happened a symbosis with baroque imaginaire and theosophic literature. The Same symbosis happened with romanticism, but this "relationship" was more evident at Germanic countries.
Faivre claims that the myth fall and reintegration is shown in romanticism.
He also claims according to many historians that this use of myth was against the most production of literary and philosophical during that era.
In France a certain number of authors continued to fill in the trend that was once created by illuminism.
Faivre gives examples of books that were directly influenced by Illuminism.

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